November 2014 will mark 25 years since the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). The UNCRC is the most widely ratified international treaty incorporating comprehensive s human rights with the intent of protecting such rights for all emotional protections. Article 37 specifically addresses protections in instances when a child is deprived of liberty with article 40 establishing parameters for juvenile justice.
While the U.S. played a key role in drafting the UNCRC, it still has yet to ratify this treaty. The reality is that our nation may become the lone member nation failing to ratify; the U.S. had been accompanied by South Sudan and Somalia until very recently. The legislative assembly of South Sudan – a nation less than 3 years old – moved to become the 194th nation to ratify in 2013. Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud announced that Somalia – a nation struggling to have a functional government – plans
to ratify shortly, too.