Juvenile detention is both hugely expensive for taxpayers – it costs Illinois over $85,000 annually to house a youth in prison – and fails to improve public safety or rehabilitate youth, with half of incarcerated youth returning within three years. Incarcerating youth also exposes them to potentially harmful environments.
Community based alternatives are dramatically more successful at preventing youth from reoffending – at far less cost.
In recent years, many states, including Illinois, often prompted in part by budget crises and/or news about abusive conditions in the prisons, have closed juvenile correctional facilities.
Redeploy Illinois provides counties with fiscal incentives to provide services to youth as an alternative to incarceration in state facilities.
Center for Children’s Law and Policy (2008). The Second Century Juvenile Justice Reform in IllinoisIllinois: Models for Change
Models for Change: Innovations in Practice, summarizes four promising practice innovations that have emerged from the MacArthur Models for Change funding and technical assistance in four key partner states, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Louisiana and Washington, November, 2010
The Second Century: Juvenile Justice Reform in Illinois, Center for Children’s Law and Policy, looks at promising juvenile justice policies and practices in Illinois, December, 2008
No More Children Left Behind Bars: A Briefing on Youth Gang Violence and Juvenile Crime Prevention, The Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice, Harvard Law School, March, 2008
Alternatives to the Secure Detention and Confinement of Juvenile Offenders, James Austin, Kelly Dedel Johnson and Ronald Weitzer, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, September, 2005