Case Law and Pending Litigation

U.S. Supreme Court Decisions

These cases called for a change in the way children are  sentenced in the criminal justice system based on an understanding that children are different from adults in their emotional development.  Click on the case links to read the full opinions.

Miller v. Alabama, 132 S.Ct. 2455 (2012)
Court held that mandatory sentences of life without parole for children under the age of 18 are unconstitutional.

Graham v. Florida,  130 S.Ct. 2011 (2010)
This case held that juvenile life without parole was unconstitutional in non homicide cases.

Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S. 551 (2005)
This case held that children could not be sentenced to the death penalty.

Illinois Supreme Court Decision

People v. Patterson, 2014 IL 115102.

The Illinois Supreme Court reviewed the constitutionality of the automatic transfer statute, and affirmed it BUT with a strong caution to the Illinois legislature that the automatic transfer statute needs to be amended.  Read case summary here. Click case name above for full opinion.

Pending Litigation